In the world in which we live in, there are many important things that can help people and animals stay alive. For example, trees, water, air, and the compound urea. Urea is a type of fertilizer, which is a white crystalline substance with the chemical formula of CH4N2O. The state of matter at room temperature is a solid. The freezing/melting points are 133°C. It does not have a boiling point. Instead, it skips that step and just decomposes at 150°C. The molar mass (a physical property defined as the mass of a given substance divided by the amount of that substance) of urea is 60.06 g/mol. The density is 1.32 g/cm3. Urea is also highly soluble in water, glycerol (a colorless, sweet, viscous liquid), and ethanol (a colorless, volatile, flammable liquid). The volume of urea is 31 kilograms. The nitrogen content is 46%. Urea fertilizer has many different uses. It is a very inexpensive form of nitrogen. In 2019, the price of urea fertilizer is listed at $345.36/ton. It helps to improve the quality of the soil in an organic way. It provides nitrogen to plants, which is a major element of chlorophyll and helps with photosynthesis. When urea is placed on the surface of the soil, a chemical reaction takes place, changeing it to ammonium bicarbonate. This helps to make plants become healthier. It can also help increase the growth of plants and crops. This would be ideal for farming and agriculture. So clearly, urea is a very important compound in our world.

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