Folic acid, also known as Vitamin B9, has the chemical formula C19H19N7O6, and is a member of the Vitamin B family. Present in the liver, it is used to treat folate deficiencies, and megaloblastic anemia. Folic acid, having a crystalline powder form, is an odorless yellow-orange molecule with a melting point of 250℃, a boiling point of 552.35℃, molar mass of 441.4 g/mol, and density of 1.68 g/mL. Being water-soluble, it enters the body naturally through whole foods such as green leafy vegetables, eggs, and fruits, or artificially through supplements. In the body, folic acid is required for cell division, protein synthesis ( amino acid development), nucleic acid synthesis ( DNA and RNA creation), and hematopoiesis (RBC production). In addition to purine and pyrimidine synthesis, it is also needed for heme synthesis, which is crucial for haemoglobin. Overall, folic acid is vital for all humans.

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