Ethane's formula is C2H6, Ethane is the 2nd most abundant natural gas component, widely used in many homes. Ethane is mainly used to produce ethylene, which is then used by the petrochemical industry to produce a range of intermediate products, most of which are converted into plastics. Supply and demand for ethane must be closely matched because the demand for ethane is almost entirely in the petrochemical sector and because this product is difficult to transport by any mode other than in dedicated pipelines.

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