How will climate change affect your creature’s habitat? How will it adapt to its new surroundings? What kind of shelter will it seek? What traits will be selected for in order for it to survive?
Body structures like spikes, horns, or sharp claws, help protect and defend animals against any creature that threatens them. What kinds of defensive body structures will help your creature look tough? How will your animal use these structures to fight off another animal?
When an environment changes, finding food can be harder. Whether your animal eats veggies or meat, it has specialized structures for obtaining food and eating food. What anatomy changes will your creature evolve to help it find food? Will your creature change its diet, if so, why?
Animals need to be able to get from place to place to find shelter, food, and friends. Depending on where they live, they can develop structures to help them get around. How will your creatures’ body change to help it move through this new environment? Will its limbs get longer or shorter? Will it have wings, fins or a tail?
Camouflage is an adaptation that allows animals to blend in with their environment. This is useful when hiding from predators or hunting for food. What physical color or pattern will your creature have? Will it camouflage in its new environment? Why or why not?
Temperature regulation is vital to an animal’s survival. How will your creature adapt to higher temperatures? Will its structures change to need less insulation? Or will it need more protection from the hot sun? Be sure to consider if your animal is warm or cold blooded.
Future Engineers hosts online contests and challenges for K-12 students, including the recent Mars 2020 "Name the Rover" contest. This challenge platform was developed with support from the US Department of Education and all challenges are free for student/classroom participation.